Scaling and root planing is a non-surgical procedure to clean the roots of teeth and remove tartar and plaque buildup, in order to treat gum disease. The procedure helps to reduce inflammation, prevent further bone loss, and promote gum healing. Scaling involves removing tartar and plaque from above and below the gum line, while root planing smoothens the root surfaces to remove any roughness that may attract bacteria.

Periodontal maintenance is a type of dental cleaning performed for patients who have a history of gum disease. It is performed after initial periodontal therapy (e.g. scaling and root planing) and is a preventive measure to maintain gum health and prevent disease progression. It involves removing plaque and tartar buildup, checking for signs of new or recurring disease, and providing patient education on proper oral hygiene techniques. Maintenance appointments are typically recommended every 3 to 4 months for patients with a history of gum disease.

Fluoride varnish is a topical treatment applied to the teeth by a dental professional to help prevent tooth decay. It is a concentrated form of fluoride that is painted onto the teeth and hardens, providing long-lasting protection. Fluoride varnish helps to remineralize (strengthen) tooth enamel, making it more resistant to decay. It is often used for children and high-risk adults, as well as for those with dry mouth or a history of cavities. The application is quick and painless and provides a burst of fluoride that can help protect teeth for several months.

Dental sealant is a thin layer of resin composite applied to the chewing surface of molars, premolars and any deep grooves (known as pits and fissures) of teeth to prevent tooth decay. The purpose of the sealant is to create a physical barrier, protecting the teeth from bacteria and plaque that can cause cavities. Sealants are often recommended for children and teenagers, but can also be applied for adults with high cavity risk.

Composite filling or bonding is a tooth color dental filling made of resin. The mixture is molded and shaped to fit into a prepared cavity in a damaged or decayed tooth, where it hardens and bonds to the tooth structure. Composite fillings are a popular choice because they can be matched to the color of the surrounding tooth, making them less noticeable. They also bond directly to the tooth, helping to strengthen it and prevent further decay.

Dental night guard is a removable dental appliance worn at night to protect teeth from clenching and grinding, also known as bruxism. The guard is made of soft, flexible material and fits over the upper or lower teeth to create a barrier between the upper and lower jaw. This helps to reduce the impact of bruxism, which can cause pain, discomfort, and damage to the teeth, jaw, and temporomandibular joint. Night guards are custom-made by a dentist to ensure a comfortable fit and maximum effectiveness. They are recommended for people who suffer from chronic bruxism or have symptoms such as headache, jaw pain, and tooth sensitivity.